Improving the stage of enforcement of judgments in national law enforcement and European countries

Keywords: court decision, enforcement of judgment, models of enforcement, public enforcement, private enforcement, European law

Abstract

This article describes the main world models of enforcement of judgments on the example of the European Union countries and finds out that there is a mixed enforcement model in Ukraine. The relevance of research into the stage of enforcement of judgments is increasing both in the national doctrine and in the European doctrine, incl. in connection with the ongoing judicial reform in Ukraine.

The development and implementation of the system of enforcement of court decisions in the domestic legislation is preceded by the study of the best models of enforcement of judgments of the countries of the European Union, taking into account the legal system of Ukraine and the proposals made in scientific research to improve the modern system of enforcement of judgments in Ukraine.

The Institute of Private Performers in some European countries and Ukraine is analyzed. For the first time the Institute of Private Performers is enshrined in national legislation. Thus, enforcement proceedings in Ukraine operate on a mixed model of enforcement of judgments, which involves a combination of public and private enforcement agents. The novelties of national legislation on enforcement of decisions in the context of the judicial reform have been identified.

It has been found out that in Ukraine the offices of the Decision Enforcement Center have been established in order to organize the activities of public and private contractors. Implementation of the Decision Enforcement Center offices in the state enforcement service is new to Ukraine and reflects European standards for service delivery, and will therefore help build and improve citizens' access to the decision-making process. Such a project is a positive experience for Ukraine, ensuring the interests of all parties to enforcement proceedings.

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How to Cite
Fokina, A. (1). Improving the stage of enforcement of judgments in national law enforcement and European countries. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (3), 283-288. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.3.2019.48