The subject-object composition of obligations in connection with the acquisition, preservation of property without a sufficient legal basis

Keywords: unjust enrichment, obligations from unjust enrichment, acquisition and preservation of property without a sufficient legal basis, parties to legal relations with unjust enrichment, subject of the obligation from unjust enrichment, subsidiary nature of the claim based on unjust enrichment

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the elements of obligations from unjust enrichment taking into account the determination of the parties to the relevant legal relations and objects, regarding the unjustified acquisition or preservation of which they arise. Attention is paid to both the specifics of securing the legal status of the “acquirer” and “victim” for individuals and legal entities, as well as for public law entities. Separately, the issue of succession in the obligations for the acquisition, preservation of property without a sufficient legal basis is studied. On the objects of obligations from unjust enrichment, their classification into things, determined by generic characteristics and property rights is proposed, along with the unjustified use of other people's services, obtaining performance of work at another's expense, and exemption from property obligations.

It is argued, that in defining the concept of an object of such obligation, author agrees with the position of those legal scholars who, by defining the elements of unjustified enrichment, distinguish between the object of legal influence and the object to which the conduct of participants in the relevant legal relationship is directed. Only human behavior can respond to the influence of law. In turn, this behavior is directed to the relevant objects of the material world. It is these objects that act as objects of the relevant legal relationship.

In obligations from unjust enrichment the actions of the acquirer appear to be overly related to the property in question, and the rules of law exert their regulative influence on the behavior of such obliged entities, however, with respect to certain property. Whatever changes occur with the property (with its composition in value) – this property is the object of the obligations from unjust enrichment.

It is also believed that understanding the enrichment from an economic point of view violates the system of legal mechanisms for qualifying these relationships. That is why the use of economic criteria leads to a misunderstanding of the object and, consequently, to its expansion at the expense of things that are individually defined.

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How to Cite
Demenko, S. (1). The subject-object composition of obligations in connection with the acquisition, preservation of property without a sufficient legal basis. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (3), 181-187. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.3.2019.30
Section
The issues of civil law, commercial law, labour law and social security law of U