On the concept of a united territorial community in Ukraine

Keywords: local self-government; reform; territorial community; united territorial community; the concept of a united territorial community; decentralization

Abstract

The article focuses on the fact that the modernization processes, which take place in our state, are aimed, first of all, at reforming the system of local self-government, at fixing the status of territorial communities as the main subject of local democracy. The Constitution of Ukraine recognizes and guarantees local self-government. Local self-government is recognized as a right of a territorial community - residents of a village or voluntary association in a rural community of residents of several villages, towns and cities - to independently resolve issues of local importance within the Constitution and laws of Ukraine. Recent researches on the subject of united territorial communities indicate that at the present stage of reformation there are a number of issues related to the constitutional regulation of the process of unification of territorial communities in Ukraine. The term «uniting of the territorial communities» is permanently featured in most of the regulatory acts, which have been adopted in connection with the implementation of the decentralization reform in Ukraine. However, in particular, the legislator has not yet proposed a definition of united territorial communities, and scientists considering united territorial communities mainly focus on highlighting of certain key problematic aspects of their formation and activities. The article analyzes the achievements of scientists to study the concept of a united territorial community in Ukraine; various terms proposed by the authors are analyzed. The author’s definition of a united territorial community, based on the various researches, is proposed.

It is stated that the united territorial community is an alliance of neighboring territorial communities of villages, settlements, cities, established to enhance their capacity on the basis of constitutionality, legality, voluntariness, ubiquity, economic efficiency, transparency and openness, accountability and state support.

References

Baimuratov M.O. (2016). Terytorialna hromada: na perekhresti vplyvu lokalnykh i hlobalnykh chynnykiv. Visnyk Zaporizkoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Yurydychni nauky. 3, 72–78 [in Ukrainian].
Kontseptsiia reformuvannia mistsevoho samovriaduvannia ta terytorialnoi orhanizatsii vlady v Ukraini : skhvalena rozporiadzhenniam Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 01.04.2014 r. № 333-r. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/333-2014-r (data zvernennia: 09.10.2019) [in Ukrainian].
Baimuratov M.O. (2017). Terytorialna hromada u natsionalnomu ta mizhnarodnomu vymirakh. Visnyk Mariupolskoho
derzhavnoho universytetu. Seriia : Pravo. 13, 121–132 [in Ukrainian].
Spasiv N.Y. (2019). Obiednana terytorialna hromada yak novitnii subiekt mistsevoho samovriaduvannia: naukove piznannia. Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Ser. : Ekonomichni nauky. 33, 209–211 [in Ukrainian].
Pereverzieva A.V. (2018). Kryterialni oznaky formuvannia obiednanykh terytorialnykh hromad: natsionalni osoblyvosti ta zarubizhnyi dosvid. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky. 22, 216–220 [in Ukrainian].
Pro dobrovilne obiednannia terytorialnykh hromad : Zakon Ukrainy vid 05.02.2015 r. № 157-VIII. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/157-19 (data zvernennia: 09.10.2019) [in Ukrainian].
Saienko P.O. (2016). Teoretychni zasady formuvannia stratehii rozvytku obiednanoi terytorialnoi hromady. Ekonomika i suspilstvo. 7, 594–598 [in Ukrainian].
Entsyklopedychnyi slovnyk z derzhavnoho upravlinnia / uklad. : Y.P. Surmin, V.D. Bakumenko, A.M. Mykhnenko ta in.; za red. Y.V. Kovbasiuka, V.P. Troshchynskoho, Y.P. Surmina. K. : NADU, 2010 [in Ukrainian].
Kovalchuk Y.M. (2017). Shchodo poniattia obiednanoi terytorialnoi hromady yak elementa pravovoho rehuliuvannia. Naukovyi visnyk Mizhnarodnoho humanitarnoho universytetu. Ser : Yurysprudentsiia. 29, 1, 87–90 [in Ukrainian].
Kyrylenko, О., Malyniak, В., Pysmennyi, V., Rusin, V. (2015). Planuvannia ta upravlinnia finansovymy resursamy terytorialnoi hromady: navch. posib. Asotsiatsiia mist Ukrainy. K., TOV «PIDPRYIeMSTVO «VI EN EI» [in Ukrainian].
Holynska O.V. (2015). Dobrovilne obiednannia terytorialnykh hromad: chynnyky sprotyvu, obiektyvni pozytsii ta perevahy.
Aktualni problemy derzhavnoho upravlinnia. 3, 98–104 [in Ukrainian].
Olshanskyi O.V. (2015). Obiednannia terytorialnykh hromad yak mekhanizm zabezpechennia yikh resursnoi spromozhnosti. Aktualni problemy derzhavnoho upravlinnia. 2, 92–99 [in Ukrainian].
Murkovych L. Terytorialna hromada yak subiekt mistsevoho samovriaduvannia v Ukraini: teoretychni aspekty. URL:
http://www.dridu.dp.ua /vidavnictvo/2010/2010_02(5)/10mliuta.pdf (data zvernennia: 09.10.2019) [in Ukrainian].
How to Cite
Gaidar, M. (1). On the concept of a united territorial community in Ukraine. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (3), 87-91. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.3.2019.14
Section
Constitutional law. Municipal law