The modern tendencies in the application of the principle of proportionality in judicial practice
This article examines modern views regarding the place and role of the principle of proportionality in the judicial practice. The principle of proportionality is originated from the concept of justice, but, as far as justice more like about philosophy, ethics and intuition, the principle of proportionality is a mechanism, that allows to ensure fair balance between competing values, usually rights and interests. The principle of proportionality is well-known in common law systems and has been widely developed in the European Court of Human Rights practice. Nevertheless, Ukraine have been establishing the rule of law for the past twenty years and its experience in the proportionality area is limited to academic studies and time-to-time quotations in the court decisions.
The recent Judicial reform in Ukraine established the Supreme Court, which is to restart the judicial process, to ensure the rule of law, to restrict the state in its activity in relation to human rights etc. This article shows some сcredible and bright examples of application of the principle of proportionality in the Supreme Court decisions. Moreover, these decisions show the deep analysis through the prism of proportionality and persuasive conclusions based on the principle of proportionality.
In conclusion, the article shows, that despite of positive tendencies in the application of the principle of proportionality, the overall level of its application remains very low. In most cases, courts put some quotations to enhance argumentation, but not to make full and deep analysis. The author believes, that academic studies will allow to improve global standards of justice in Ukrainian judicial practice and will make the principle of proportionality an integral part of all court decisions which question human rights.
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