Substantive legal aspects of children’s participation in hereditary legal relations

Keywords: inheritance, children, minors, testament, right to a compulsory share, inheritance contract, acceptance of inheritance

Abstract

The article examines the theoretical concepts and legal regulation in the field of participation of minors and minors in hereditary
legal relations. Attention is paid, in particular, to such issues as the participation of children in an inheritance contract, the automatic
acceptance of inheritance by children, inheritance of children by right to a compulsory share, when it competes with the right to inherit
by will. As a result of the study, the author formulates recommendations for improving legislation.
It is substantiated by the author that in the case where the child is both an heir by will and by the right to a compulsory share,
she will inherit by will. The position was further substantiated, according to which emancipated children retain the right to a compulsory
share in the inheritance until they reach the age of majority, regardless of the acquisition of full civil legal capacity.
It was also established by the author that the law does not provide that consent to refuse inheritance can be submitted only by
one of the parents, if the other does not take part in the upbringing of the child and does not fulfill his duties in relation to her, as it was
established for giving consent to the commission of notarized transactions by minors. Therefore, it was proposed to extend this procedure
by analogy on this situation with the consent to refuse inheritance, that is, to provide for the possibility of giving consent to one
of the parents;
It was analyzed that the presumption of automatic acceptance of inheritance by children may not always be consistent with their
interests, and therefore it was proposed to provide for this general rule of exception, in particular, establishing that children (and other
persons with partial or limited legal capacity) are considered to have accepted the inheritance, except in cases when the inheritance
includes an encumbered property and / or property rights. We believe that this exception should be extended to cases of inheritance by
right to a compulsory share in the inheritance, which includes the encumbered property.
The author established that children can and even inherit property encumbered with debt, however, this often does not correspond
to their interests, therefore it is proposed that in the case when the inheritance will include property encumbered with debts that are
equal to or exceed the size of the inheritance, establish a rule that children then they are not included in the circle of heirs or are considered
not to have accepted the inheritance, unless the parents or the minors themselves submit applications for the acceptance of such
inheritance.
In the article it has been proven that a child can be an alienator or acquirer in an inheritance contract; analyzed the procedure for
notarization of such an agreement in compliance with the conditions of consent of the guardianship and guardianship authorities, and
for minors who will act independently, also the consent of the parents.

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Published
2020-11-10
How to Cite
Bordiug, T. (2020). Substantive legal aspects of children’s participation in hereditary legal relations. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, 1(3), 193-200. Retrieved from https://chasprava.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/498
Section
The issues of civil law, commercial law, labour law and social security law of U