Enforceability as a means of legal force of judicial acts in the civil process of Ukraine in the context of application of Article 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (based on the case law of the European Court

Keywords: enforceability, judicial protection, judicial act, judicial practice, executor, legal force

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of such a feature of the legal force of judicial acts in civil proceedings as enforceability in the
context of the application of Article 6 of the Convention. The research of the subject of the article is carried out on the basis of the
analysis of legal provisions of the national legislation, scientific views of legal scholars and legal practitioners and materials of practice
of the European Court of Human Rights.
The article emphasizes that according to the legislation of Ukraine, court decisions that have entered into force are binding on all
public authorities and local governments, enterprises, institutions, organizations, officials and citizens and are enforceable throughout
Ukraine, and in cases established by international agreements, the binding nature of which has been approved by the Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine, and beyond.
The author emphasizes that the signatory states are responsible for fulfilling their obligations under Art. 6 of the Convention for
the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, especially with regard to compliance with the obligation to enforce judicial
acts. In turn, the analysis of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights made it possible to conclude that the execution of
court decisions is considered by the European Court as a mandatory, integral part of the trial within the meaning of Art. 6 of the Convention
for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
It is argued that the reasons for the unsatisfactory state of affairs with the execution of court decisions are somehow related to
the problems of all three branches of government. In this regard, given the problems of enforcement of judicial acts, based on the analysis
of procedural law, doctrinal developments, studying the experience of foreign countries, the author considers it appropriate to introduce
into national law the institution of bailiffs.

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Published
2020-11-10
How to Cite
Senyk, S. (2020). Enforceability as a means of legal force of judicial acts in the civil process of Ukraine in the context of application of Article 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (based on the case law of the European Court. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, 1(3), 175-181. Retrieved from https://chasprava.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/495
Section
The issues of civil law, commercial law, labour law and social security law of U