Private space flights: legal regulation in the United States
The emergence of demand for space travel, the emergence of commercial enterprises and travel agencies in the space industry,
the development of vehicles designed exclusively for transporting tourists into space – all this suggests that space may soon turn from
a scientific object into a common destination. Therefore, today the legal regulation of private space flights is a promising issue, given
that there is no such legislation in Ukraine. We turn to the analysis of the legislation of the United States of America to assess what
array of regulations we will have to master if we want to develop private space flights at home.
A private space flight is a space flight or development of space flight technology that is conducted and paid for by an entity other
than a government agency. Depending on the purpose, private space flights are divided into flights for the purpose of transportation of
cargoes, and flights within the framework of space tourism.
The article presents an overview and analysis of the legislation of the USA regulating private space flights, in particular, flights
for the purpose of transportation of cargoes, and flights in the framework of space tourism. The author highlights a chronological formation
of the commercialization of space, which clearly shows the gradual transition of the United States from a complete reluctance
to allow private space flights to the recognition of the indisputable economic feasibility of such activities. A significant shift in this area
has taken place since 2015, when five directives on space policy, the National Space Strategy and orders on the exploration, extraction
and use of space resources were adopted.
The author analyzes the main sources of space law in the United States. It was found that mostly, the legislation does not keep
up with innovations in the commercialization of space, thus, there is a situation when first comes a relationship (flight of a tourist or
cargo into space), and then – the legislative regulation of such relations.
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