The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (the Palermo Convention): conditions for ratification, structure, content
The article examines one of the main sources of transnational criminal law - the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted in 2000 (the Palermo Convention). The Palermo Convention is aimed at establishing definitions and ways to prevent and fight transnational organized crime. It became the first comprehensive modern document to generally address the issues connected with transnational organized crime.
The author's attention is focused on the conditions of the adoption of the Convention, international forums (conferences, regional seminars, meetings of commissions and committees), discussion of the provisions of the document and disputable issues.
Structurally, the Convention covers issues related to the definition of categories, crimes, their criminalization and the measures applied to combat them. Certain parts of the Convention are devoted to issues of mutual legal assistance and cooperation of states in the field of combating transnational organized crime. The Convention obliges state to take all possible measures to prevent and combat transnational organized crime. It is important that the Convention is applied only on the basis of sovereignty and territorial integrity of states.
The author notes the main conceptual content of the Convention, which stipulates that transnational organized crime covers virtually all serious criminal profitable actions committed by organized groups involving more than one country (illicit drug trafficking, smuggling of migrants, trafficking in persons, laundering illicit traffic in firearms, piracy, terrorism, environmental crime, etc.).
It is noted that the Palermo Convention is a universal document, has a certain degree of generalization, is ratified by the majority of States parties, does not contradict the provisions of the domestic legislation of the States parties to this treaty and calls on them to cooperate in the fight against organized crime.
UN Doc. E/CN. 15/1998/6/Add. I [in English].
UN Doc. A/RES/51/120 [in English].
UN Doc. E/CN. 15/1997/7/Add. 2 [in English].
UN Doc. E/CN. 15/1998/5 [in English].
UN Doc. A/RES/53/111 [in English].
UN Doc. A/RES/53/111, UN Doc. A/RES/53/114 [in English].
UN Doc. A/AC/254/4/Add. 1 / Rev. 6 [in English].
Konventsiia OON proty transnatsional’noi orhanizovanoi zlochynnosti, ukhvalena Rezoliutsiieiu 55/25 Heneral’noi Asamblei vid 15 lystopada 2000 r. URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_789 [in Ukrainian].
Zelins’ka, N.A. (2006) Mizhnarodno-pravova kontseptsiia mizhnarodnoho zlochynu: dys... d-ra iuryd. nauk. Odesa: Odes’ka natsional’na iurydychna akademiia [in Ukrainian].
Rukovodstvo dlia zakonodatel’nykh orhanov po osuschestvlenyiu Protokola protyv nezakonnoho vvoza myhrantov po sushe, moriu y vozdukhu, dopolniaiuscheho Konventsyiu Orhanyzatsyy Ob’edynennykh Natsyj protyv transnatsyonal’noj orhanyzovannoj prestupnosty. P. 30. URL: http: // www.un.org/russian/events/ II thcongress/part3.pdf [in Russian].
Zelynskaia, N.A. (2006) Mezhdunarodnye prestuplenyia y mezhdunarodnaia prestupnost’. Odessa: Yurydychna literatura [in Russian].