Terminology problems in Ukrainian legislation on international commercial arbitration

Keywords: arbitration, arbitral tribunal, arbitral institution, court of arbitration

Abstract

The terminology problems of Ukrainian legislation on international commercial arbitration are discussed there in this article. Specifically, it is analyzed whether the definition of such Ukrainian term as арбітраж that is used in Ukrainian law as equivalent to the English term arbitration, is defined (understood) in the way that corresponds the definition of the term arbitration in international law. As the result of the analysis it is determined that the Ukrainian term арбітраж is defined in Ukrainian law differently than the equivalent English language term arbitration is defined in international law. In Ukrainian law the term арбітраж is understood not only as a method of resolution of international commercial disputes, but simultaneously this term means the arbitral institution that administers the arbitration as well as the arbitral tribunal that resolves the dispute. Due to this problem Ukrainian lawyers inadequately understand the notion arbitration used in international law and there may exist real misunderstanding in communication concerning international commercial arbitration between Ukrainian and foreign lawyers.

Another problem discussed in this article concerns the Ukrainian term третейський суд (Treteysky Court) that is used in Ukrainian law to translate into Ukrainian language the English term arbitral tribunal. Meantime, in Ukrainian law the term третейський суд (Treteysky Court) means much more than the English language term arbitral tribunal means in international law. In Ukrainian law the term третейський суд (Treteysky Court) is also used as a synonym of the term арбітраж (i.e. arbitration). Besides that, the article provides that the definition of the Ukrainian term третейський суд (Treteysky Court) in the Law of Ukraine On International Commercial Arbitration contradicts to the concept of the notion третейський суд (Treteysky Court) as a special body to resolve commercial and civil disputes specified in the Law of Ukraine On Treteysky Courts (ukr. Закон України «Про третейські суди»). Details of the contradiction are specified in the article.

In the article there are determined the reasons of inconsistency of the said Ukrainian notions with the above mentioned notions of international law, and the ways of harmonization of the terminology used in the Law of Ukraine On International Commercial Arbitration with the norms of international law are proposed.

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How to Cite
Petryna, V. (1). Terminology problems in Ukrainian legislation on international commercial arbitration. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (2), 209-215. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.2.2019.37
Section
The legal system of Ukraine and international law, comparative legal studies