The trends of development of legislation in the field of criminal and legal regulation application and training of special technical means of private getting of information

Keywords: special technical means of private getting of information, special technical means, criminal law, legislative base, regulatory framework

Abstract

The development of scientific and technological progress has led to new challenges and has called for the settlement of new spheres of human life. Access to the Ukrainian markets of means that can secretly record, process and transmit information about a person without his consent led to the introduction of article 359 in the Criminal Code of Ukraine in 2001, which was intended to protect the human right to confidentiality of information about himself and his relatives and to establish an exclusive the right to use these funds for the authorized authorities of the state.

It should be noted that the issue of developing legislation in the area of dealing with special technical means of clandestine information was almost not carried out, and separately studied issues only partially identified some points, without tracing the chronology of the trends of criminal law regulation in this area at different stages of development.

The article is almost the first time the legislative layer of acts in the area of handling of special technical means of private getting of information, which is divided into three stages. In the analysis of the main sources of law, progressive approaches to the formation of the legislative framework and unfinished steps that indicate the inconsistent introduction of changes and additions, and sometimes the lack of understanding by the legislator of technical points, which does not add to legal certainty, as a consequence of which there is a lack of understanding by ordinary citizens, which acts are criminally punishable.

This article reveals the most acute problems existing in the legislative sources, allows us to take a fresh look at some issues of legal regulation. Moreover, it raises issues that have not been studied in practice at all, while providing recommendations for improving legislation, both conceptually and at the regulatory level. Much attention is paid to the continuous updating of licensing conditions for the management of economic activity with special technical means of private getting of information, which not only creates pressure on entrepreneurship due to constant updating of the rules, but also complicates the access of high technologies to the domestic markets of Ukraine.

In concluding the above-mentioned, there is an urgent need to modernize the legislative framework by reviewing the changes already made and their additions to modern realities of social relations and acts of a higher level, and in view of the expansion of the use of special means and their types - to identify generic features, hierarchical structure, classification and to provide a conclusion on the ratio of all types of special means within the concept of "special technical means getting of information", the so-called STM, in accordance with art. 359 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.

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How to Cite
Khlopov, A. (1). The trends of development of legislation in the field of criminal and legal regulation application and training of special technical means of private getting of information. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (2), 189-195. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.2.2019.34
Section
Criminal law and criminology