Human rights begin with the rights of the child

Keywords: human rights, rights of the child, mechanism of child rights protection, ombudsman, child rights commissioner, educational ombudsman

Abstract

The state, with the help of legal norms and the use of power levers regulates social relations, establishes and maintains the necessary order in the country, but also obeys the society itself is called to serve it. The relationship between society and the state, its quality and level is determined in particular by the effectiveness of the policy in the field of children's rights protection.

At the same time, the role of the institution of the ombudsman (or the commissioner) in the affairs of children is undoubtedly extremely important. Children as one of the most socially vulnerable groups of the population need full protection of their rights.

The introduction of the Ombudsman's Office in Ukraine is a serious step in improving the protection of children's rights. At the same time the transformational processes that take place in the Ukrainian society today predetermine the need for further research on the content and mechanisms of implementation of state policy in the field of children's rights protection. To do this, it is necessary to conduct an analysis of the domestic and foreign experience of the functioning of the institution of the ombudsman for the rights of the child, which is the purpose of this article.

Therefore, the purpose of this article is to analyze the national and foreign experience of functioning of the Ombudsman Institute for the Rights of the Child. The article discusses the prerequisites and features of the establishment of the Ombudsman for Child Rights in Ukraine and the problems of its modern functioning. The models of construction of the Ombudsman Institute in foreign countries are analyzed: Germany, Finland, Canada, New Zealand, Austria, Sweden and Australia. The article also emphasizes the need to improve the system of jurisdictional protection of the rights of the child and the adoption of the Law on the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child in Ukraine.

References

Chepulchenko T. O. (2013). Ombudsman for the Protection of Children: An Analysis of Ukrainian and Foreign Experience. Bulletin of NTUU "KPI". Political Science Series. Sociology. Right. 4 (20). 154-158 [ in Ukrainian].
Reshetnik E. M. (2013). Ombudsman Institute: History and Modernity. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhgorod National University. The Right Series. 21. 2. 1. 248-250 [ in Ukrainian].
Kovalko N. M. (2013). Concerning the Legal Status of the Ombudsman of Ukraine. Journal of the Kyiv University of Law. 2. 94-96 [ in Ukrainian]
Kolomoets N. (2018). Powers of the Educational Ombudsman in the field of protection of children's rights. Entrepreneurship, economy and law. 6. 173-176 [ in Ukrainian].
Published
2020-04-15
How to Cite
Linnik, N. (2020). Human rights begin with the rights of the child. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (1), 356-360. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.1.2020.71
Section
The legal system of Ukraine and international law, comparative legal studies