Concepts of understanding of criminal responsibility

Keywords: criminal responsibility, crime, sanction, legal relationship, legal responsibility, condemnation

Abstract

Definition of criminal responsibility is still discussed in scientific researches. Adequate understanding of this term is actual concerning its use in legal constructions of Criminal Code of Ukraine. For example “basis of criminal responsibility”, “exemption from criminal responsibility” etc. It is worth mentioning that definition of criminal responsibility is of great importance while determining the essence of such legal categories as differentiation of criminal responsibility, individualization of criminal responsibility and others.

This research is aimed towards determination of features of criminal responsibility. Understanding of such institution of criminal law as differentiation of criminal responsibility and others categories of criminal law depend on this to a considerable extent.

Concepts of criminal responsibility are examined in the article. Their main features are stated and criticized. Official interpretation made by Constitutional Court of Ukraine concerning moment of beginning of criminal responsibility and engagement to criminal responsibility are analyzed.

Attempt is made to evaluate systematically criminal responsibility in terms of theoretical constructions of social and legal responsibilities. We object the possibility of mechanical understanding of these categories similarly to criminal responsibility without clear vision on which concept each of the definitions are based. Conclusion is made that social, legal and criminal responsibilities shall be described with the same features but with the different level of generalization and concretization

On the basis of this research shortcomings of main theories of criminal responsibility are stated. Features describing criminal responsibility as criminal-legal category are suggested.

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How to Cite
Antoniuk, N. (1). Concepts of understanding of criminal responsibility. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (2), 170-175. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.2.2019.30
Section
Criminal law and criminology