Modern investigative interview models

Keywords: investigation, criminal proceedings, investigative interview, PEACE model, PRICE model, the RCMP phased interview model, KREATIV model

Abstract

The article presents the first scientific research in Ukraine on modern investigative interview models and is devoted to this procedural institute as a mechanism of collecting and recording accurate, credible and reliable information during criminal investigations in order to accomplish the objectives of criminal proceedings and to establish the facts of a particular case.

This research aimed to analyze main components of such specific investigative interview models as PEACE, PRICE, the RCMP phased interview and KREATIV. Second, it was intended to assess how useful for countries that implemented interviewing in their law systems consider those interview techniques of different types of participants in criminal proceedings (witnesses, victims, suspects).

Based on the analysis of the rules of criminal procedural law of individual countries, the scientific positions of scientists, international experience and achievements in the practical application of the interview the authors determine the most used investigative interview models, their advantages and disadvantages of the practical use and the contribution to law enforcement activities.

 The results indicated at least three major benefits of investigative interview. First, it does not make use of coercive or manipulative strategies which in perspective reduces the chance that a statement will be deemed inadmissible. The second, assuming that obtaining a confession is the desired outcome, before and after the implementation of investigative interview, roughly 50% of interviewees confessed to their crimes; furthermore, the confession rate seems to hover around 50% in countries that continue to use interrogation techniques. And the third, the use of principles well-established scientific knowledge about how memory works (cognitive interview) and the conversation management approach is an effective memory enhancement technique for cooperative interviewees.

The authors accent that political, legal, and – most importantly – organizational steps will appear to be that is needed to make the necessary changes for investigative interview to achieve desired results. Summarizing the above, a number of comprehensive recommendations have been made in light of exceptional and discovered circumstances.

References

Sands M. A ground-breaking call for humane interrogation practices. URL: https://www.apt.ch/en/blog/a-ground-breaking-call-for-humane-interrogation-practices/#.WIsy6qKBllU (data zvernennia: 04.10.2019).
Good progress towards “Universal Protocol on Investigative Interviewing and Associated Safeguards”. URL: https://apt.ch/en/news_on_prevention/good-progress-towards-universal-protocol-on-investigative-interviewing-and-associated-safeguards/ (data zvernennia: 04.10.2019).
Protsesualne interviu v kryminalnykh spravakh. Navchalni materialy СТІ 1/2017. URL: https://cti2024.org/content/images/CTI-Training_Tool_1_UKR.pdf (data zvernennia: 04.10.2019) [in Ukrainian].
Ne ziznannia, a dokazy – inozemni eksperty pro mekhanizm protsesualnoho interviu. URL: http://www.irf.ua/allevents/news/investigative_interviewing/ (data zvernennia: 03.10.2019) [in Ukrainian].
Maistrenko M.M. (2018). Protsesualne interviuvannia yak napriamok novoho svitohliadu. Protsesualne ta kryminalistychne zabezpechennia dosudovoho rozsliduvannia: zbirnyk tez dopovidei naukovo-praktychnoho seminaru. Lviv: LvDUVS. 139. 54 [in Ukrainian].
Schollum M. (2005). Investigative Interviewing: The Literature. Review of investigative interviewing. Wellington, New Zealand: Office of the Commissioner of Police, 43-44.
Bull R. Investigative Interviewing. United Kingdom: Derby. 245 p. URL: https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9781461496410 (data zvernennia: 05.10.2019).
Snook B., Eastwood J., Stinson M., Tedeschini J., House J. Reforming Investigative Interviewing in Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2010. URL: http://www.mun.ca/psychology/brl/publications/Snook_et_al_CJCCJ.pdf (data zvernennia: 07.10.2019).
Schollum M. Bringing PEACE to the United States:A Framework for Investigative Interviewing. URL: https://www.niaia.org/files/uploads/Schollum_PEACE.pdf (data zvernennia: 07.10.2019).
Drummond N. Investigative Interviewing – The PRICE Model in Scotland. The Bulletin of iIIRG: 2nd Annual Conference of the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group. 14 – 16 April 2009. UK: University of Teesside, Middlesbrough. URL: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/34884/2/iIIRG_Bulletin_-_Volume_1,_Issue_1%5B1%5D.pdf (data zvernennia: 07.10.2019).
Williamson T., Milne B., Savage S. P. (2009). International Developments in Investigative Interviewing. Cullompton : Willan Publishing, 16.
Riksadvokatens arbeidsgruppe – avhørsmetodikk i politiet. Vedlegg VI – National Investigative Interviewing Strategy. URL: https://www.riksadvokaten.no/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Avh%C3%B8rsmetodikk-i-Politiet-med-vedlegg.pdf (data zvernennia: 10.10.2019).
Riis-Johansen M.O. En samtaleanalytisk studie av politiavhør av voksne fornærmede. URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11250/2394548 (data zvernennia: 10.10.2019).
Jakobsen, K. K., Stridbeck, U., & Langballe, Å. (2018). Objektivitet i avhør: Avhør av fornærmede i straffesaker i Norge. Tidsskrift for strafferett, 18 (2), 74-101. 84.
R. v. Armishaw, 2011 ONSC 5624. URL: http://canlii.ca/t/fnhlc (data zvernennia: 26.11.2019).
R. v. Chapple, 2012 ABPC 229. URL: http://canlii.ca/t/fsh9c (data zvernennia: 26.11.2019).
Carr D. The RCMP Phased Interview Model for Suspects. URL: https://www.cpkn.ca/wp-content/uploads/stanhope/2017/presentations/Darren%20Carr%20Interviewing%20-%20Stanhope%202017.pdf (data zvernennia: 26.11.2019).
Rose N. How Canadian Police Try To Get You to Confess to a Crime. URL: https://www.vice.com/en_ca/article/pan8b9/how-canadian-police-try-to-get-you-to-confess-to-a-crime (data zvernennia: 26.11.2019).
Carr D. (2015). The RCMP Phased Interview Model for Suspects. Generating Information through Dialogue. Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 5. 108-110, 267.
Bielousov Y., Orlean A. Interviu zamist dopytu: yak tse pratsiuie. URL: https://ecpl.com.ua/news/interv-yu-zamist-dopytu-yak-tse-pratsyuje/ (data zvernennia: 26.11.2019) [in Ukrainian].
Published
2020-04-15
How to Cite
Lutsyk, V., & Havhun, S. (2020). Modern investigative interview models. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (1), 316-323. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.1.2020.63
Section
Criminal law and criminology