Actions: problems of separation of forms in the aspect of improvement of the terminological apparatus of domestic criminal law

Keywords: terminology apparatus, scope of the offence, offence, commissions, omissions, act.

Abstract

Problematic issues related to the need to ensure the correct application of criminal law in the aspect of changing the terminology of the scope of the offence are investigated.

In qualification, identifying the scope of the offence is the first step in this process because, in practice, when a crime is detected, the law enforcement agency faced by the features of its scope. At the same time, a number of dispositions of the norms of the Special part of the Criminal Code of Ukraine envisages acting solely in one of its forms "commissions" and "omissions", which are quite evaluative in their separation.

The content of these terms, although generally simplified, identical in the educational literature, is not interpreted equally by scientists in scientific works, and sometimes is uncertain. A separation of  commissions and omissions, both active and passive forms of action is possible if elementary in external manifestation of active or passive action is committed. These include the fact of a specifically conscious and desirable movement of one's body or a conscious and desirable refusal to commit such actions.

The authors emphasize that the problems of separation of  commissions and omissions, as an active and passive form of high-handed, conscious, unlawful and socially dangerous behavior of the subject of the crime, were recognized by scientists in the "Soviet times".

On basis of conducted analysis and with reference to the work of leading scientists, the authors propose the expediency of refusal in the domestic criminal law of the terms "commissions" and "omissions", with the simultaneous introduction to the theory of criminal law and the Criminal Code of Ukraine a term devoid of internal contradictions (act, commissions etc.), caused by the application in the dispositions of the Particular part of the law on criminal liability of the specific division of the external manifestation of the behavior of the subject of the crime.

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Published
2020-04-15
How to Cite
Kuzmin, S., Gorai, O., & Melnyk, V. (2020). Actions: problems of separation of forms in the aspect of improvement of the terminological apparatus of domestic criminal law. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (1), 312-315. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.1.2020.62
Section
Criminal law and criminology