Functioning and development of civil society under constitutional basis
This article was studied the сonstitutional norms for civil society, which, in the author's view, should be the doctrinal basis for its functioning.
The question arises because of the critical need of society in legal and political movements for a European model of relations between the state and the citizen, the urgency is determined not only by the author’s personal convictions, but also by the unstable situation inside the Ukrainian politics, according to which only anti-democratic pseudosocial post-Soviet movements have unity and one point of view. In such conditions, the uncertainty of the Basic Law does not leave an opportunity to develop new, more effective legal norms that could increase the effectiveness of civil society.
The scientific basis for this article were the works of V. Batanov, A. Krusyan, N. Onishchenko, T. Podorozhna, S. Petkov, O. Skripniuk, S. Sunegin, Y. Shemshuchenko.
The aim of the work is to study the possible instruments of constitutional influence to achieve the ultimate goal of each democratic and legal state - building an effective civil society with a self-regulatory function.
The analysis of the real situation inside the country shows that the level of efficiency of civil society is currently critically low. Indicators of this are the following negative socio-legal phenomena:
- legal and political nihilism;
- the dependence of the media on the so-called "tycoons";
- a small number of non-state entities of legal relations (organizations, foundations, unions, associations, federations, consumer societies, etc.) especially in sparsely populated rural areas;
- low level of labor protection and social guarantees;
- ineffective financing of political movements, parties and youth party cells;
- low level of civil self-identification in certain regions of the country;
- ineffective distribution of financial resources to state monopolies, which are unprofitable to preserve employment.
This article provides possible ways of overcoming problems which can positively affect the further development of interaction between society and the state with an integrated approach to their implementation and strike a balance between state influence and civil pressure, the purpose of which is to ensure a decent level of protection of the rights, freedoms and interests of citizens.
Onishchenko N.M., Shemshuchenko Yu.S., Skrypniuk O.V., Batanova O.V., Suniehin S.O. (2017). Hromadianske suspilstvo v Ukraini v umovakh demokratychnykh transformatsii: perspektyvy rozvytku: naukovo-analitychna dopovid. Kyiv: Instytut derzhavy i prava im. V.M. Koretskoho NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Krusian A. R. (2014). Hromadianske suspilstvo v Ukraini yak peredumova suchasnoho ukrainskoho konstytutsionalizmu: poniattia i tendentsii rozvytku. Pravo Ukrainy. 4. 17–25 [in Ukrainian].
Skrypniuk O.V. (2005). Konstytutsiia Ukrainy ta yii funktsii: problemy teorii ta praktyky realizatsii. Do desiatoi richnytsi pryiniattia Konstytutsii Ukrainy. Kyiv: Akademiia pravovykh nauk Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Todyka Yu.M., Zhuravskyi V.S. (za red.). (2002). Konstytutsiine pravo Ukrainy. Kyiv: In Yure [in Ukrainian].
Pietkov S.V. (2014). Narodovladdia: vid prava radianskoho do prava hromadianskoho. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim «Skif» [in Ukrainian].
Onishchenko N. M. (2014). Do pytannia pro poshuk balansu u spivvidnoshenni hromadianskoho suspilstva ta derzhavy. Pravo Ukrainy. 2014. 4. 55–62 [in Ukrainian].
Rozvytok hromadianskoho suspilstva ta suchasne pravo Ukrainy. Chastnoe pravo. № 1/ 2013. 52–53 [in Ukrainian].
Podorozhna T.S., Parkhomenko N.M. (za red.). (2014). Teoretyko-prykladni zasady konstytutsionalizatsii pravovoi systemy ta modernizatsii Konstytutsii Ukrainy: monohrafiia. Lviv : PAIS [in Ukrainian].
Oborotova Yu.N. (za red.). (2005). Teoriia derzhavy i prava v pytanniakh i vidpovidiakh: Navchalno-metodolohichnyi posibnyk. Kharkiv: Odysei [in Ukrainian].
Yushchyk I. O. (2014). Vlada narodu i konstytutsiinyi protses v Ukraini. Viche. 3. 19-21 [in Ukrainian].