Comparative analysis of legal regulation of vinityculture and winemaking in Ukraine and Moldova
The article presents the result of comparative analysis of the normative regulation of relations in the field of viticulture and winemaking in Ukraine and Moldova. The research is based on comparison of the Law of Ukraine “On Grapes and Grape Wine” and the Law of the Republic of Moldova “On Grapes and Wine”.
The Law of the Republic of Moldova “On Grapes and Wine” consists of 9 chapters and 37 articles, including Transitional and Final Provisions. The main part of all articles regulates the legal, economic and social basis of viticulture and winemaking.
The Law of Ukraine “On Grapes and Grape Wine” consists of a Preamble, 5 chapters that combine 15 articles, including the Final Provisions. And the legal issues of viticulture and winemaking are regulated disproportionately, because legal regulation of viticulture is covered only in two articles.
In Moldova, the legal regulation of viticulture is carried out not only from the prospective of the raw material base for winemaking, as it is in Ukrainian legislation, but also regulates relations in the field of production, processing and sale of grape propagation and planting material, marketable grapes of table and technical varieties.
According to the recent changes, wine production is no longer subject to licensing in Moldova, as well as to other restrictions related to advertising, time limits for sale etc. However, this issue remains problematic, since not all laws in Moldova were amended in accordance with the said changes.
The Law of Moldova, is already adapted to EU requirements for the protection of geographical indications, while the Law of Ukraine "On Grapes and Grape Wine" still contains such terms as cognacs of Ukraine, champagne of Ukraine, etc.
The institutional support of the legal regulation of winemaking in Moldova is noteworthy. The main body in this field is the National Burau of Grapes and Wine based on the public private partnership.
The above advantages of legal regulation in the field of viticulture and winemaking should be adopted in Ukrainian legislation.
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