The current state and the need for reforming the space legislation of Ukraine

Keywords: space law, space relations, space industry, space activity, space code

Abstract

The article analyzes the current state of legal regulation of space relations. It is shown that the rules of national space legislation do not meet the current challenges and threats in the field of space activities. The importance of elaboration of specific legal proposals and definition of the main directions of improvement of the legislation of Ukraine on space activity, first of all modernization of norms of the key act of space law - the Law of Ukraine «On space activity» is pointed out. It has been investigated that the terminology apparatus in the field of space law is not legally weighted and requires a significant improvement of the used and introduction of new space concepts and terms. It is argued that the most effective way of enhancing the effectiveness of national space law is through its codification. The main task of codification is determined – to bring the current national space legislation in line with the needs of the current stage and prospects for the development of relations in the field of space exploration and use. The necessity of carrying out a comprehensive up-to-date normative-legal updating of Ukrainian space legislation is noted, taking into account the peculiarities of space activity, rules of international and national space law. however, it is important to use public-law and private-law frameworks and tools in the legal regulation of space relations. It is envisaged that the codification process should cover filling in the gaps in the legal regulation of space-legal relations; the elimination of gaps and contradictions in current space laws, conflicts and duplications; development of new universal space laws; exclusion of outdated and ineffective norms.The necessity of development and adoption of the Space Code of Ukraine to increase the level of legal support for scientific space exploration, creation and operation of space technology, use of outer space is substantiated. It is offered to fix the solution of topical issues of space legal terminology in the field of space activity, development of commercial space activity, security of space activity, introduction of competitive bases for the implementation of space projects and programs, ensuring equal access to space activity and its results.

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Published
2019-08-30
How to Cite
Shemshuchenko, Y., & Semenyaka, V. (2019). The current state and the need for reforming the space legislation of Ukraine. Law Review of Kyiv University of Law, (2), 9-16. https://doi.org/10.36695/2219-5521.2.2019.01
Section
Introductory article